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( profile ) Jessica Jung

25 Feb

Jessica Jung  korean name: Jung Suyeon born April 18, 1989, better known by her first name Jessica, is a korean american singer, dancer, actress and model. She was born in san francisco, and is fluent in both korean and english. She is a member of the south korean nine-member girl group girls generation.


Early life:-

Jessica Jung was born on April 18, 1989 in San Francisco, California. She auditioned at the SM Entertainment Casting System and joined the company in 2000. She had been trained for seven years as a trainee before debuting with Girls’ Generation.

Her younger sister, Krystal Jung, is a member of the Korean girl group f(x), also created by SM Entertainment.



Girls’ Generation

Main article: Girls’ Generation

Jessica was the first member to be signed with SM Entertainment in 2000. In 2007, she was chosen as a member of the group Girls’ Generation. The 9-member girl group debuted on August 5, 2007.

The group has released two full albums, three mini-albums, and various singles. Their 2009 hit single “Gee” holds the record for being the longest running #1 song on KBS s Music Bank, having held the #1 chart ranking for 9 consecutive weeks. That year also saw the group winning various awards, including consecutive Artist of the Year (Daesang) awards at the Seoul Music Awards, Golden Disk Awards, Melon Music Awards, and the Korean Cultural Entertainment Awards.

Girls’ Generation began a foray into the Japanese music scene in late 2010, with the Japanese remakes of their 2009 Korean hits “Tell Me Your Wish (Genie)” and “Gee”.

On October 27, 2010, the group released their third Korean mini-album, Hoot, which consisted of five songs.


Solo singing career:-

In addition to her group activities, Jessica released two singles with Seohyun and Tiffany: “Oppa Nappa”  and “Mabinogi (It’s Fantastic!)”.

In addition, she had various duets — one with Onew (Shinee member), called “One Year Later”, and one with Park Myeong-su, “Naengmyeon”. She sang the “Seoul Song” with Super Junior’s Leeteuk, Sungmin, Donghae, Siwon, Ryeowook and Kyuhyun and fellow group members Taeyeon, Sunny, Sooyoung, and Seohyun.

Jessica released a digital single titled “Sweet Delight” on October 13, 2010.


Acting career:-

Jessica made her musical theatre debut in the South Korean production of Legally Blonde, alongside Lee Ha-nui and Kim Ji-woo; the production opened on November 14, 2009.

She had a cameo role on SBS TV Oh My Lady! in March 2010.


Modeling :-

Along with Girls’ Generation, Jessica has been featured as a model for numerous advertisements, endorsements, and campaigns.

In May 2008, she with fellow members Tiffany and Yoona and TVXQ members had a TV ad for Haptic Motion. She sang and starred in the TV ad for Caribbean Bay with bandmates Taeyeon, Seohyun, Tiffany, Yuri and Yoona and with 2PM.

On the October 13th 2010, Jessica released a digital single entitled “Sweet Delight”, which is CM song of South Korean leading food company SPC group.


Guest appearance on TV show:-

In May 2010, Jessica became a regular guest on the show Happy Birthday until she withdrew on June 7, 2010 due to Girls’ Generation’s overseas activities.


jessica pics:-


(Drama) Hello My Teacher

25 Feb

Title: Geon-bbang-seon-saeng-kwa Byeol-sa-tang / Hello My Teacher

Also known as: Hardtack Teacher and Star Candy (YesAsia) / Biscuit Teacher and Star Candy / Hello My Teacher
Genre: Drama, School, Romance
Episodes: 16
Broadcast network: SBS
Broadcast period: 2005-04-13 to 2005-06-02
Air time: Wednesday & Thursday 21:55


Na Bori (Gong Hyo Jin) is a 25 year old woman who desperately wants to be a teacher at the high school she was kicked out of due misunderstanding with her teachers over injuring a group of male classmates. After getting her GED, she rejects job offers from other high schools and works on becoming a teacher at her old high school so she could work side by side with her high school love interest, the art teacher Ji Hyun Woo (Kim Da Hyun). However, the only thing that enables her to get the coveted job is by signing a contract to essentially babysit Park Tae In (Gong Yoo), a troublemaker who attends the same high school. Tae In, a lonely youth, quickly becomes the “jjang”, or “king” of the high school, and enjoys playing mean tricks on Bori whose easygoing personality attracts the majority of her students. Noh Jemma (Choi Yeo Jin) is jealous of the relationship between Bori and Tae In, and goes out of her way to get Bori kicked out but she’s not the only one against them…


Gong Hyo Jin as Na Bo Ri
Gong Yoo as Park Tae In
Kim Da Hyun as Ji Hyun Woo
Choi Yeo Jin as Noh Jem Ma

Extended Cast

Lee Hyo Jung as Park Joong Seop (Tae In’s father)
Yang Geum Suk as Ji Young He (Tae In’s adoptive mother)
Jo Hyung Ki as Dong Chil Hwan (The principal)
Park In Hwan as Hwang Gap Soo (Homeroom teacher)
Geum Bo Ra as Bae Yi Da (Bo Ri’s mother)
Lee Yoon Ji as Na Sun-jae (Bo Ri’s younger sister)
Jo Sang Ki as Nam Sung Ki (Biology teacher)
Kim Yoon Kyung as Oh Joo Yeon (English teacher)
Hyun Young as Jo Ji Ah (PE teacher)
Park Hyo Joon as Oh Sang Tae
Suh Joon Young as Park Jae In (Tae In’s half brother)
Jang Hee Jin as Oh Eun Byul
Cha Seo Rin  as Lee Hye Bin
Shin Ah as Kang Ri Ping
Kim Eun Joo as Kim Sun Ah
Oh Yoon Ah as Chae Eun Song
Park Ki Young  as Pang Soo Hyun
Jung Ui Chul as Choi Chang Il
Jung Gyu Woon as Lee Ho Joon
Do Han as Lee Yoo Jin
Shin Hyun Tak as Park Man Chang
Ki Moo  as Choi Hoon
Jang Ji Woo as Lee Jang Baek
Joo Ho as Kim Young Song
Nam Chang Hee  as Kim Baek Joon
Lee Eun as Yeo Se Ra
Yoo Da In as Honor student
Jo Han Na as Bae Pil Soon
Song Jin Yung as Jo Pil
Kim Hwa Joo
Jun Jae Hyung

Production Credits

Screenwriter: Kim Jung Ah
Chief Producer: Moon Jung Soo
Producer: Kim Yang, No Jun Kyu
Production: Jung Hoon Tak, Jang Jin Wook
Director: Oh Jong Rok, Kim Hyung Sik

Hello My Teacher



( Info ) the korean flag

15 Feb

The flag of South Korea, or Taegeukgi (also spelled Taegukgi in convention) is derived from the taijitu symbol and has three parts: a white background; a red and blue taegeuk in the centre; and four black trigrams, one in each corner of the flag.

The general design of the flag also derives from traditional use of the tricolour symbol (red, blue and yellow) by Koreans starting from the early era of Korean history. The white background symbolises “cleanliness of the people.” The Taegeuk represents the origin of all things in the universe; holding the two principles of yin and yang; the former being the negative aspect rendered in blue, and the latter as the positive aspect rendered in red, in perfect balance. Together, they represent a continuous movement within infinity, the two merging as one.


The earliest surviving depiction of the flag was printed in a U.S. Navy book Flags of Maritime Nations in July 1882.

The flag was designed by Young-Hyo Park and first adopted as a symbol by the Kingdom of Korea in 1882. During the Japanese rule of Korea (1910–1945), the flag was banned. The Taegeukgi was used as a symbol of resistance and independence during the Japanese occupation and ownership of it was punishable by execution. After independence, both North and South Korea initially adopted versions of the Taegeukgi, but North Korea later changed its national flag to a more Soviet-inspired design after three years (see article Flag of North Korea). The Constituent Assembly of the Republic of Korea (South Korea) has officially adopted the Taegeukgi as the national flag since July 12, 1948. After the establishment of the government of the Republic of Korea, “The Rules for the flag of the Republic of Korea” was first enacted.


The official colours of Taegukgi are specified on the “Ordinance Act of the Law concerning the National Flag of the Republic of Korea There was no specification for shade of colours until 1997, when South Korean government decided to provide standard specification for the flag. On October, 1997, Presidential ordinance on the standard specification of the flag of the Republic of Korea was promulgated, and that specification was acceded by the National Flag Law in 2007.


Flag construction sheet


( Drama ) cutie pie

15 Feb

Cutie Pie korean drama

Title: Cuter by the Day / Bolsurok Aegyomanjeom / Cutie Pie
Genre: Sitcom, family, comedy
Episodes: 100+
Director: Sa Hwa Kyung , Im Jung Ah , Kang Young Sun
Screenwriter: Choi Jin Won , Yang Hee Seung , Kim Yoon Hee
Broadcast network: MBC , Monday to Friday 19:45
Broadcast period: 2010-Mar-22

There’s a flying woman above a running man!
There is a fervent mother who raised her three daughters on her own after her husband left her.
One day, the divorced man who moved in at the top floor of her building with his son decides to marry her eldest daughter. This is when her family’s peace was shattered, but on top of all this, her husband who had walked out on her suddenly returns!

Cast Character

cutie-pie-cast-1Song Ok-suk (55)
Her husband walked out on his family when his business went bankrupt. After he left, she spent 15 years running a hair salon and raising her three daughters alone. Ji-won, her eldest daughter, lived up to Ok-suk’s expectations and became a doctor. Ok-suk thinks the world of her. But Ji-won becomes a widow not long after getting married and Ok-suk is worried sick about this. She has had no one to look after her while raising her daughters and has developed a quick and fast temper. She often cuts people off while talking and can even eat her meals standing up. Her best friend these days is her granddaughter. They get a kick out of badmouthing their neighbors.

cutie-pie-cast-2Im Ha-ryong (60)
After an unexpected bankruptcy, he leaves his wife Ok-suk and his three daughters for 15 years. He has the nerve to suddenly decide to come back, saying that he missed them.
He is immature and irresponsible, and is full of talk. He likes to bluff and when it seems that people aren’t buying it, slyly changes his story.
He likes to cover himself with, “I didn’t mean it that way?” and tries to take advantage of any situation.
He is the type who wriggles out of hard work, but still gets what he wants.

cutie-pie-cast-3Im Ji-won (34 / actress Ye Ji-won)
She is a doctor in charge of the obesity clinic below her house. Her husband died not long after her first marriage. She has a young daughter who is in elementary school. She is a good student, logical, and meticulous, but she lacks people skills and is a mama’s girl. Ji-won does a 180 and breaks out of her shell after meeting Seong-soo, who is fun-loving and masculine. Until now, she has only gone to the academy her mother picked out, associated with friends that her mother liked, went to the college her mother preferred, and even married the man her mother selected. She goes against her mother’s will for the first time after falling in love with Seong-soo, a stuntman. “Mom, I am going to marry this man!”

cutie-pie-cast-4Im Yeo-jin (26 / actress Choi Yeo-jin)
Ok-suk gave birth to Yeo-jin after drinking herbal tonics that were supposed to help her have a baby boy. This may explain why she is such a tomboy. She had a tough childhood, growing up between an older sister who was a stellar student, and a younger sister who was sly.
But she is pretty laid-back and has no hard feelings despite her mother’s differential treatment. She was a professional tennis player for a while but had to quit after an injury.
Afterwards, she gave up going to college and is working as a nurse’s aide at her sister’s hospital. She has a crush on Yeong-gwang, her younger sister’s friend but would rather die than to tell him about her feelings. She acts even more wildly in front of him.
She already has a tough life, but she meets a man of her past that she had never wanted to see again at the hospital. Life just got more complicated.

cutie-pie-cast-5Im Ba-ni (22)
A typical 20-something girl who is self-centered and likes money.
She studies photography.
She has to have everything go her way and treats her best friend Yeong-gwang like a slave.
She isn’t good at anything but hates to lose anyway.

cutie-pie-cast-6Han Yu-na (11 / actress Lee Yeong-yoo)
Ji-won’s daughter.
She refuses to wear thermals when she goes outside because they’re not fashionable and loves to dress up like a princess.
But she dresses like a lazy bum at home.

cutie-pie-cast-7Kim Seong-soo (36)
A single father who lives at a studio room at the top of a building with his young son. He used to be a famous stuntman, with his rugged good looks and fast reflexes.
But he starts to lose his status as he ages and becomes weaker. He knows the younger stuntmen are better than him. Nevertheless, he always keeps his chin up!
He never worries about anything. He has swept Ji-won off her feet with his well-built body and simpleminded spirit, and the two are secretly seeing each other.
They try to keep it a secret until they can get Ok-suk to like Seong-soo, but they get caught by a stupid mistake. Ok-suk is dead against their relationship! Seong-soo is willing to do anything to change her mind! Who will be the last person standing?

cutie-pie-cast-8Kim Jun (11)
Seong-soo’s son.
He is only 11 years old but he takes after his father’s rugged good looks, is a good student, and is a born leader.
He is very popular amongst the girls in his class.

cutie-pie-cast-9Lee Gyu-han (30)
Ba-ni’s advisor and a well renowned photographer. He is well-known in the U.S. as Gary Lee. He doesn’t care if you are older or younger than him ? he will speak his mind. His students call him Satan and Ba-ni calls him Mr. Trash. He is obsessive compulsive and mysophobic and cannot stand messy environments. He always carries around his own spoon and chopsticks, and will not touch someone else’s food. He is scared to drive after a serious accident and has Ba-ni drive him around. He uses Ba-ni as his graduate assistant but is constantly unhappy with the work she does. But Ba-ni is not the type to let people walk over her and the two of them fight every single day. One day, he suddenly can’t get her out of his mind? Then he finds out that his brother, Yeong-gwang, has feelings for Ba-ni…

cutie-pie-cast-10Lee Yeong-gwang (22 / actor Kim Yeong-gwang)
Ba-ni’s best friend and Gyu-han’s younger brother.
He is a college student, majoring in computer science. He cares excessively about his body and his possessions. He is an early-adapter and loves buying new electronic products and is also quite fashionable. Thanks to his sense of fashion, girls flock around him.
One might say that he just has a lot of pass around, or that he is a player. He is not on good terms with his irritable older brother, Gyu-han, who studied in the U.S.
But Gyu-han suddenly announces that he wants to move in after coming back to Korea. So Yeong-gwang begins to live with his mysophobic brother as his roommate. Talk about hell on earth! He has been best friends with Ba-ni ever since they were little. But one day, he realizes that his brother may have feelings for her. How dare he ‘ she’s mine!

cutie-pie-cast-11Lee Seon-ho (30)
He is a doctor working at Ji-won’s obesity clinic. He is from a well-to-do family, is good-looking, tall, gentle, and honest. He is popular amongst women and the elderly alike.
But he suffers from a “good boy” complex.
He cares a great deal about what other people think about him. He always wants to be the good guy.
He pushes himself to the extreme to maintain his perfect façade. At the hospital, he meets Yeo-jin who gave him a hard time when he used to be fat and begins to plan revenge.

cutie-pie-cast-12Ha Yoon (27)
A nurse at Tantan Clinic.
Unlike her demure looking appearance, she is slow to understand situations.
She always says, “No problem” but always does too little or too much than is needed.
She’s from a poor family and has very strong survival instincts.
She has a great body and a pretty face, but guys just aren’t attracted to her for some reason.
Credit : MBC

Main Cast
Ye Ji Won
Choi Yeo Jin
Kim Sung Soo
Lee Sun Ho
Lee Kyu Han
Jung Joo Ri
Song Ok Sook
Im Ha Ryong
Kim Young Kwang
Lee Young Yoo
Chae Sang Woo
Jin Seo Yeon

source :-

( Learn korean ) Korean Musical Instruments

12 Feb

The Korean people with excellent cultural heritage have created various kinds of musical instruments. The musical instruments recorded in the chronicles and documents from the primitive age up to now amount to 100 in its kinds.

Introduced here are some representative instruments:



Kayagum (Fillip instrument) is one of the most representative national instruments of Korea.

It was invented by Uruk 1,400 years ago (6th century, AD). He was born in the Kaya Era and distinguished himself as a talented musician and a famous composer.

Above all, he was an expert Kayagum player and devoted all his life to the development of music in Korea through musical composition and the training of Kayagum players, and made efforts to further develop it as a music instrument.

Kayagum is often compared with Japanese Koto, but it is quite different from Koto in the following points;

Firstly, during play the head of Kayagum should be placed on the lap of its player and its tail on the floor.

Secondly, the way of strumming to strings is almost the same as with Japanese Koto. But Koto is played with artificial nails, and Kayagum is played with bare fingers.

So it can fully express emotions, and the tone is very close to human voice. The sound is so delicate and soft that it can express well the character of Korean music.

Developed by the disciples of inventor Uruk, Kayagum music took further strides in the 19th century.

Kim Chang Jo, well known Kayagum player and composer, originated a Kayagum concerto, Kayagum Sanjo.

Kayagum Sanjo influenced Choktae (Korean flute), Tanso (Korean recorder), Komungo (string harp), and their respective Sanjo were created, making a great contribution to the development of traditional Korean music.

The strings of Kayagum were increased to 19 or 21 from the original 12 strings as a result of several reforms.

Moreover, it made Kayagum express any complicated sound through the introduction of various styles of rendition such as Tremolo and Arpeggio, in addition to the former technique of Rohyon (to produce a variety of sound by pressing strings by the left palm.)

There are various way of playing Kayagum including solo, duet, trio.

Besides, single-while playing Kayagum by a group of 12 women started in the difficult days of the Korean War (1950-53), a vocal solo and a group of women who sing while playing Kayagum, and so fourth.

In the course of its development, grand-Kayagum, an octave lower than Kayagum, was invented, which plays an active part as a low sound string instrument.

Silla-gum, which is preserved in Nara, Japan, was originally Kayagum. But it is shaped a little different from what it is.

Apart from the body, Yang Gak or a sheep’s horn is attached to the tail, and the ends of strings are fixed there.

The name of Silla-gum derives from the historical fact that the instrument was brought to Japan after Silla’s conquest of Kaya.

The traditional Kayagum is one of the most cherished and loved national instruments of Korea.



Yanggum is a percussion string instrument which is sounded by Chae (bamboo-made, thin plectra).

The name Yanggum means the Western harp. This kind of instruments are wide spread in the world as traditional national instruments, and were introduced into the professional music of circles of Korea in the 18th century.

Yanggum was also introduced into Japan at the end of Edo period, but it didn’t see any further progress.

Most traditional string instrument of Korea use silk strings, but it uses steel strings. So it is also called Chol Sa Gum (Chol means iron; Sa means string; Gum means harp.)

Yanggum may be called a forerunner of the present-day piano. In the former, parallel strings are strung by two small plectra, while the latter has a keyboard of which the keys operates on the hammers to strike the strings.

In the early days, Yanggum had 14 major keys (1 major key has 4 strings), but the sound range now increased to 25 or 26 major keys.

In addition, it can play all the 12 tones by moving the 4 bridges freely. Yanggum is played in a unique style of rendition.

Firstly, it can play rhythmical, strained composition easily. Secondly, it is very effective for such renditions as tremolo and arpeggio and the power of rendition is rich enough to play altered chord in a concert.

Recently it has been equipped with a pedal (sound buffer device) as well, as a result of repeated improvements.

Mainly, for the purpose of rendition in concerts, Yanggum has been developed into a grand-Yanggum. This grand Yanggum is the same as respects in the body, strings, and spaces between strings.

The grand-Yanggum is for low bass. It was not until the 18th century that Yanggum was imported into Korea by Hong Dae Yong who was known as a member of the Silla school of practical learning.

Yanggum has a very soft and clear in sound, and may be called a versatile instruments.

Today Yanggum is widely played in solo, duet, and in orchestras because of its great compass and penetrating sound.



Tanso is made up of 2 words. Tan means short and so is a generic term for wind instruments.

Tanso is a most popular Korean wind instrument together with other so, Tongso (Korean Flute).

Formerly, it was made of bamboo, but now it is made of synthetic resin as a result of several innovations.

The sound is clear and beautiful with its emotional, penetrating timbre. The sound is wide and soft in the law range; bright and beautiful in the mid-range; penetrating in the high range.

Tanso came to be played after the middle of the 15th century, and it was especially favored by woodcutters for this clear sound.

Originally, it had 4 holes in the front, and one hole in the back, and rendition was confined to heptachord compositions.

Therefore, in the Li dynasty, Tanso was played in combination with several Tansoes with a different pitch, according to musical compositions.

With not only 3 holes in the front body, but also a half tome device and a key for correct sound added, it came to be able to play any musical compositions.

Tanso is a basic instrument for the high range in the composition of traditional wind and string instruments, and is mostly used to play melodies in rendition.

It permits various ways of rendition ranging from trill, producing neighboring sounds alternately in succession, adding grace, richness and brightness to the melodies played by other instrument, giving unique sound to traditional wind and string instrument.

Tanso is played in solos, duets, as an accompaniment to vocal performances and orchestras.

The treble Tanso is made to increase the sound range of Tanso and is somewhat smaller and one octave higher than Tanso.



In Korean version, a recorder is called So among no-reed instruments of the wood wind section while a flute called Cho.

Choktae (representative Korean flute) has an embouchure, 6 holes for sound and one more holes as a half tone device.

There are 3 kinds of Choktae — Tae Ham (big flute), Chung Ham (middle flute) and So Ham (small flute).

All these three kinds have been known as Sam Chuk (three wind instruments of bamboo) and are specially cherished by Korean people.

Choktae is played in the following way; its head is put to the mouth of the player parallel; and air inbreathed into the embouchure; fingering on the holes involving pitch and timbre fluctuations, but most notable is the rendition of Rongum.

Rongum means a rendition with the simultaneous use of the head and shoulders to give traditional color to music.

Choktae made its debut in May 682, according to a record. A legendary episode is told of debut in the world;

Once upon a time a tiny island suddenly appeared in the East Sea of Korea and strange enough, it was shaped like a human head.

One day, a bamboo tree began to grow there and branched off into two in the daytime and united at night.

The king of the country hearing of this, thought it was a sign of good fortune and sent a messenger to get the bamboo to make Choktae.

When a player blew Choktae, the tune was marvelous; ranging waves were calmed down, storms were tamed; rain fell when it was too dry; enemies were routed in battle.

So in the 7th century, it was called Man Pa Shokcho, a treasure to protect the country from danger and sea disasters, and was preserved in a repository under the care of the country.

In the Li dynasty period, Kim Hong Do painted Mu Ak To (a picture of dance and music). In the painting, a concert was drawn with Choktae as the center there.

With a wide sound range, Choktae is known for its conspicuous traditional color.

Most beautiful is its timbre in the middle and high ranges. The low pitch is deep and harmonious, while its high pitch is strong and penetrating.

Choktae is usually made of wood or bamboo elements. It is usually 3cm in diameter, and 70cm in length. The length is in proportion to its thickness.

Hae Gum:-


Haegum is a percussive bow string instrument which is very popular in Korea today.

Hae Gum resembled Chinese Ho Gung in its structure and rendition, but we can find its originality in our traditional Korean climate.

First of all, Hae Gum can be compared to the medieval musical instrument called Fugin, which had been in Korea since before the Christian era, and became an indispensable musical instrument in both court and popular music circles, according to records.

In those days, Song Hyon and other musician wrote Ak Hak Kye Nom (9 vols.) to systematize and typify traditional Korean music, in which they explained the manufacturing process, rendition, and tuning Hae Gum with some illustrations.

Hae Gum is made up of 2 strings and played by a bow with the instrument placed on the player’s knee.

The bow has a string of horse tail hair and is held by the right hand. So, Hae Gum is called the two string harp.

Moreover, it is called Kang Kang I, so named after the peculiar sound from the resonance drum. It sounds like nasal human voice.

Hae Gum has gone through several improvements to remove its nasal sound, so that the strings are now increased to four from two and the fixed strings placed outside.

As improvements were made. rendition has been also studied. Excellent functions like trill, pizzicato in violin rendition have been added to its original form of rendition which the player places the instrument on his knee and springs against.

As a result, it is now capable of a variety of musical expressions, including this rich timbre of traditional Korean music and delicate expressions like Rong Um.

There are a great many concerto compositions for Hae Gum, like Hae Gum Sanjo, in addition to folk song compositions, and many excellent Hae Gum players have been produced since old days.

Ari-rang and Pibada Song played by Hae Gum together with other musical instruments are especially popular today.

There are several kinds of Hae Gum, and actually Hae Gum now in popular use in So Hae Gum (small Hae Gum).

In the DPRK, great efforts were made after the liberation to develop traditional orchestra music in the process of promoting duets and trios of traditional musical instruments.

In this process, Chung (middle) Hae Gum for middle pitch, Cho (low) Hae Gum for low pitch, and Tae (grand) Hae Gum for low bass in string instruments are invented.



Piri and Senap are well-known double reed-wood wind instruments among traditional Korean musical instruments.

Senap distinguished itself from the other instruments in its volume. Senap is also called Tae Pyong So or Nal Ra Ri.

Nal Ra Ri, another name of Senap, is named after its sound, and the name is more popular among the public.

Senap came to be popular among the people around the 13th century, according to records.

There are following passage on Senap in An Authentic Record of King Tae Jo : … One of them often played so (generic term for wind instruments), an instrument called Tae Pyong So. Moreover, Chong Dong Mu, famous poet mentions this instrument in one of his poems.

Senap, is generally a wind instrument with a copper-made trumpet attached to the wooden tube.

Senap was originally used by military bands, and by and by spread to the public.

As it was widely spread, its cheerful and optimistic sound was introduced into Nong Ak (farmer?s music) and become an indispensable sole melodic instrument. Nong Ak is a kind of music which is played in festivals to celebrate the year’s good harvest, and to express thanks to farmers’ labor after autumn harvest.

Nong Ak bands, with Senap in the ban of percussive traditional musical instruments such as Megu, Kenggari, and Changgo, gather from villagers to celebrate a good harvest.

Old farmers say that the timbre of Senap told them about the result of the year’s harvest.

If the timbre was very cheerful and colorful, they would have a good harvest, and a bad harvest if the timber sounded sorrowful.

Senap is characterized by its large sound volume and its tone color, so it is played effectively in solo or ensemble.

The latter part of the orchestra Chong San-ri Always Enjoy Bumper Crop gives full play to this instrument.

It is especially effective in F major key and D minor key. Chang (long) Se Senap was developed from Senap with its won unique features retained.

A reed was added for a correct half-tone and, the tube lengthened, and the trumpet made smaller.

As a result, its sound range became wider and the timber softer than before to produce a rich emotional timbre.

It came to be able to play appealing musical compositions for festive occasions effectively with its rich power of expression.



Among double-reed recorders in the traditional Korean musical instruments, the most popular brass wind instrument is Senap and Piri in the wood wind section.

According to records, Piri came into being earlier than Senap, and was especially loved by Korean people from before the Christian era.

Piri is the generic term of recorders and flutes, that is, of those which are composed of a bamboo bar (synthetic resin or other materials) with some holes, which is sounded by the player’s breath, and became favorite instruments of the Korean people.

Piri has several different kinds of from the beginning and most representative among them are Hyang Piri, Se Piri, Tang Piri.

Hyang Piri, Se (thin) Piri and Tang (Chinese) Piri are very similar to each other in appearance and the principle of sounding.

They have 7 holes in front and one hole in the back side. Musical intervals or sound like Ronum (traditional Korean rendition) can be adjusted by the way the reed is held in the mouth or by the tongue.

Of them, Hyang Piri produces very sharp sound, and very effective for clear melodies in concert.

Se Piri is the most representative instrument of the three kinds of Piris, and a little smaller and thinner than Hyang Piri.

Se Piri ranks first in its power of expression compared with their traditional instruments. Moreover the timbre is close to human voice (rather man’s voice), and is so attractive to people’s mind.

While, Tang Piri was named after its origin, Tang dynasty China distinguish itself from the other Piris as Hyang Piri and Se Piri.

It is almost the same as the two other Piris, in appearance as well as rendition, but is a bit thicker than the other two Piris.

According to records, 20 pieces of Tang Piri were introduced into Korea in June 1, 114.

Piri is played widely not only in sole but also in duet and concert with other string instruments and as accompaniment to folk songs because it is easy to adjust its volume, and can be played easily in harmony with other instruments.

After the liberation of Korea from Japan, Piri has undergone several reforms like other traditional instruments, and Small Piri, Middle Piri, Big Piri and Law Range Piri has been newly added to its original form.

Small Piri and Middle are often played in solo for folk songs and for dances.

Tae (big) Piri is played mainly in concert. These Piris is played mainly in concert. These Piris that have gone through several reforms distinguished themselves from other instruments by their diverse ad unique ways of expression.


( Film ) old boy

10 Feb

oldboy is a 2003 South Korean film directed by Park Chan-wook. It is based on the Japanese manga of the same name written by Nobuaki Minegishi and Garon Tsuchiya. Oldboy is the second installment of The Vengeance Trilogy, preceded by Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance and followed by Sympathy for Lady Vengeance.

The film follows the story of one Oh Dae-Su, who is locked in a hotel room for 15 years without knowing his captor’s motives. When he is finally released, Dae Su finds himself still trapped in a web of conspiracy and violence. His own quest for vengeance becomes tied in with romance when he falls for an attractive sushi chef.

The film won the Grand Prix at the 2004 Cannes Film Festval and high praise from the President of the Jury, director Quentin Tarantino. Critically, the movie has been well received in the United States, with an 80% “Certified Fresh” rating at Rotten Tomatoes. Film critic Roger Ebert has claimed Oldboy to be a “…powerful film not because of what it depicts, but because of the depths of the human heart which it strips bare”. In 2008, voters on CNN named it one of the ten best Asian films ever made.


Korean businessman Oh Dae-su is bailed out from a local police station by his close friend Joo-Hwan after a drunken fight, on the night of Dae-su’s daughter’s birthday. Dae-su calls her on a public phone, but as Joo-Hwan takes the phone, Dae-su disappears. Kidnapped and confined to a shabby room with no explanation, Dae-su is not allowed any contact and is fed only fried dumplings through a narrow slot. Experiencing hallucinations, his attempts at suicide are prevented by being gassed into unconsciousness. Thus he keeps himself fit and occupied with shadowboxing; hardening his knuckles by punching the wall. While watching television, he discovers that his wife has been murdered, his daughter sent to foster parents and that he himself is the prime suspect.

Dae-su is suddenly set free on the rooftop of a building 15 years after his imprisonment began, with a new suit. Dae-su is given a cellphone by a stranger and goes to a local restaurant, where he meets young chef Mi-do (Kang Hye-jeong), who brings him to her home. Dae-su realises he is being tracked through phone calls from his unidentified captor and instant messaging on Mi-do’s computer. Dae-su locates the restaurant that provided the fried dumplings during his imprisonment, and subsequently the building he was held captive in, torturing the warden for information. He finds tape recordings of his captor that reveal little. He then fights his way out past numerous goons, suffering a knife wound to his back. Collapsing on the street, a stranger places him in a taxi, only to direct him to Mi-do’s address and identify Dae-su by name.

The man, named Woo-jin (Yu Ji-tae), reveals himself as Dae-su’s kidnapper and tells him that Dae-su must discover his motives. Mi-do will die if he fails, but if he succeeds, Woo-jin will kill himself. Later, Dae-su and Mi-do grow emotionally closer together and have sex. Dae-su discovers he and Woo-jin briefly attended the same high school and remembers spying on Woo-jin’s incestuous relationship with his sister, Soo-ah (Yun Jin-seo). Dae-su, unaware of their familial relationship, inadvertently spread the rumor before transferring to another school in Seoul. Soo-ah’s mental turmoil grew, causing physical signs of pregnancy and her eventual suicide. During the investigation, Woo-jin kills Joo-Hwan for insulting Soo-ah, enraging Dae-su further.

Dae-su confronts Woo-jin at his penthouse with the information but instead Woo-jin gives Dae-su a photo album. As Dae-su flips through the album, he witnesses his daughter grow older in the pictures, until discovering that Mi-do is actually his daughter. Woo-jin reveals that the events surrounding Dae-su were orchestrated to cause Dae-su and Mi-do to commit incest. It is also revealed that hypnosis and post-hypnotic suggestion were involved with Dae-su’s imprisonment, and had been performed on Mi-do as well. A horrified Dae-su begs Woo-jin to conceal the secret from Mi-do, groveling for forgiveness before slicing out his own tongue and offering it to Woo-jin as a symbol of his silence. Woo-jin agrees to spare Mi-do from the knowledge and leaves Dae-su in his penthouse. As he rides alone in the elevator, he is struck by the vivid memory of his sister’s death, in which he was complicit, and shoots himself in the head.

Dae-su sits in a winter landscape, where he makes a deal with the same hypnotist who conditioned him during his imprisonment, asking for her help to allow him to forget the secret. She reads his pleas from a handwritten letter and, touched by his words, begins the hypnosis process, lulling him into unconsciousness. Hours later, Dae-su wakes up, the hypnotist gone, and stumbles about before finally meeting with Mi-do. They embrace, and Mi-do tells Dae-su that she loves him, though whether Dae-su knows the secret is uncertain.


  • Choi Min-sik as Oh Dae-su: The film’s protagonist, who has been imprisoned for somewhere around 15 years. Choi Min-sik lost and gained weight for his role depending on the filming schedule, trained for six weeks and did most of his stunt work.
  • Yu Ji-tae as Lee Woo-jin: The man behind Oh Dae-su’s imprisonment. Park Chan-wook’s ideal choice for Woo-jin had been actor Han Suk-kyu, who previously played a rival to Choi Min-sik in Shiri and No. 3. Choi then suggested Yu Ji-tae for the role, despite Park’s reservation about his youthful age.
  • Kang Hye-jeong as Mi-do: Dae-su’s love interest.
  • Ji Dae-han as No Joo-hwan: Dae-su’s friend and the owner of a cybercafe.
  • Kim Byeong-ok as Mr. Han: Bodyguard of Woo-jin.
  • Oh Tae-kyung as Young Dae-su.
  • Ahn Yeon-suk as Young Woo-jin.
  • Oo Il-han as Young Joo-hwan.
  • Yun Jin-seo as Lee Soo-ah: Woo-jin’s sister.
  • Oh Dal-su as Park Cheol-woong: The private prison’s manager


(Film ) Marathon

8 Feb

Directed by Jeong Yoon-chul
Produced by Cineline
Written by Jeong Yoon-chul
Starring Jo Seung-woo
Kim Mi-suk
Lee Gi-yeong
Distributed by ShowBox
Release date(s) 2005
Running time 117 min.
Country South Korea
Language Korean

Marathon (2005) is a South Korean movie based on the true story of Bae Hyeong-jin, a runner who happens to have autism.


The movie follows the story of a young man with autism, named Cho-Won, who finds release only in running. As a child, Cho-Won regularly threw tantrums, bit himself, and refused to communicate with others — finding solace only in zebras and the Korean snack, Chocopie. His mother never gave up on him and was determined to prove to the world that her child can be normal. As Cho-Won gets older, he begins to find a passion for running and his mother is there to encourage and support him. Even though both Mother and Cho-Won suffer from family and financial issues, they find a former marathon champion — now a lethargic old man with alcohol problems.

The old man, who is serving community service hours as a physical education teacher for a DUI, grudgingly accepts the offer to train Cho-Won in marathon running, but eventually becomes lazy with him. The teacher often takes Cho-Won’s snack, and takes Cho-Won to a Steam House to relax. Even though the old marathoner slacks off most of the time, Cho-Won’s determination for running is firm (he accidentally runs 100 laps around a soccer field when the teacher told him to without literally meaning it).

He takes third place in a 10km running race, which causes his mother to set another goal for her son: to run a full marathon under three hours. This is not an easy task, however, as Cho-Won wants to win but doesn’t know how to pace himself. Therefore, his mother finds a former marathon runner, who must perform 200 hours of community service for a DUI, as Cho-Won’s coach. The movie shows the emotional struggles of a Mother who is not sure if she is forcing her son to run or if it truly is his passion. The movie further explores and shows the deep love and genuine purity through Cho-Won.


  • Jo Seung-woo – Cho-won
  • Kim Mi-suk – Cho-won’s mother (Kyeong-sook)
  • Lee Gi-yeong – Jung-wook
  • Baek Seong-hyeon – Yun Jung-won
  • Ahn Nae-sang – Cho-won’s father


( Learn korean ) informations about korea

8 Feb



Korea lies in the northeastern part of the Asian continent. It is located between 33 degrees and 43 degrees in Northern Latitude, and 124 degrees and 132 degrees in Eastern Longitude. China, Russia and Japan are adjacent to Korea. Local time is nine hours ahead of GMT.



Korea’s climate is regarded as a continental climate from a temperate standpoint and a monsoon climate from a precipitation standpoint. The climate of Korea is characterized by four distinct seasons: spring, summer, fall, and winter.

  • Spring of Korea
    Spring lasts from late March to May and is warm. Various flowers, including the picturesque cherry blossom, cover the nation’s mountains and fields during this time.

  • Summer of Korea
    Summer lasts from June to early September. It is a hot and humid time of the year.

  • Autumn of Korea
    Autumn lasts from September to November, and produces mild weather. It is the best season for visiting Korea.

  • Winter of Korea
    Winter lasts from December to mid-March. It can be bitterly cold during this time due to the influx of cold Siberian air. Heavy snow in the northern and eastern parts of Korea makes favorable skiing conditions.




    The Korea Language: Hangeul
    Hangeul was invented in 1443, during the reign of King Sejong. It is composed of 10 vowels and 14 consonants. Hangeul has 11 compound vowels, 5 glottal sounds. The chart below represents the 24 Hangeul letters and their romanized equivalents. ‘The Hunminjeongeum,’ a historical document which provides instructions to educate people using Hangeul, is registered with UNESCO.
    UNESCO awards a ‘King Sejong Literacy Prize,’ every year in memory of the inventor of Hangeul.

    Hangeul written in syllabic units made up of two, three, or four letters



    The Prehistoric Age
    Archaeological findings have indicated that the first settlements on the Korean Peninsula occurred 700,000 years agoGo-Joseon (2333 – 108 B.C)
    According to legend, the mythical figure Dan-gun founded Go-Joseon, the first Korean Kingdom, in 2333 B.C. Subsequently, several tribes moved from the southern part of Manchuria to the Korean Peninsula.

    The Three Kingdoms Period (57 B.C. – A.D. 676)
    The three kingdoms, Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla, were established in the 1st century A.D. During this period, the kingdom’s political systems, religions (Buddhism and Confucianism), and cultures developed.

    The Unified Silla Kingdom (676 – 935)
    The Unified Silla Kingdom promoted the development of culture and arts, and the popularity of Buddhism reached its peak during this period. The Unified Silla Kingdom declined because of contention for supremacy among the noble classes, and was annexed by Goryeo in 935.

    The Goryeo Dynasty (918 – 1392)
    The Goryeo Dynasty was established in 918. Buddhism became the state religion during this time and greatly influenced politics and culture. Famous items produced during this time include Goryeo celadon and the Tripitaka Koreana. During the Goryeo Dynasty, Jikji, the world’s oldest movable metal type was published. It was invented 78 years before the German movable metal type created by Gutenburg. The Goryeo Dynasty’s strength decreased gradually in the latter half of the 14th century.

    The Joseon Dynasty (1392 – 1910)
    The Joseon Dynasty was formed at the end of the 14th century. Confucianism became the state ideology and exerted a massive influence over the whole of society. The Joseon Dynasty produced Hangeul, the Korean alphabet, which was invented in 1443, during the reign of King Sejong. The dynasty’s power declined sharply later because of foreign invasions, beginning with the Japanese invasion of 1592.

    The Japanese Colonial Period (1910 – 1945)
    In 1876, the Joseon Dynasty was forced to adopt an open-door policy regarding Japan. The Japanese annexation of Korea concluded in 1910, and Korean people had to accept Japanese colonial rule until the surrender of Japan, which ended World War II.

    The Republic of Korea (1945 – Present)
    In 1945, Japan surrendered to the Allies and withdrew from the Korean Peninsula. The Korean Peninsula was then divided into two zones, South and North Korea. The Korean War broke out on June 25, 1950 and fighting ended when an armistice was signed on July 27, 1953. In 2000, an historic summit took place between South and North Korea in Pyeongyang, the capital of North Korea.



    Tradition Art

    Traditional Dance
    Korea’s traditional dance, like its music, can be classified into either court dances or folk dances. The slow, gracious movements of the court dances reflect the beauty of moderation and the subdued emotions formed as a result of the strong influence of Confucian philosophy. In contrast, the folk dances, mirroring the life, work and religion of common people, are exciting and romantic, and aptly portray the free and spontaneous emotions of the Korean people. Court dances are called ‘jeongjae,’ and include hwagwanmu (a flower crown dance), geommu (a sword dance), cheoyongmu, mugo, suyeonjang and gainjeonmokdan. Folk dances include talchum (a mask dance), seungmu (a monk dance) and salpuri.

    Traditional Music
    Traditional music can be divided into two types: jeongak, or the music of the royal family and the upper classes, and minsogak, or folk music. Jeongak has a slow, solemn and complicated melody, while minsogak is fast and vigorous. Jeongak is divided into two types: yeomillak and sujecheon. Minsogak is also divided into two types: seongak (vocal music), which includes pansori, minyo and gagok , and giak (instrumental music), which includes the sanjo and samullori styles. The first noteworthy characteristic of Korean court music is its leisurely tempo. As a result, the mood of this music is meditative and reposeful.

    Traditional Paintings
    From the murals of ancient tombs to the paintings of the Joseon Dynasty (1392 ~ 1910), there are a number of indigenous Korean styles. Korean artists have an inclination toward naturalism, in which subjects such as landscapes, flowers or birds are rendered in ink and colored pigments on mulberry paper or silk. In the middle Joseon Dynasty, noble artists established new style in Korean painting. Folk Paintings, which described the joys and sorrows of people’s lives, became popular.



( Drama ) You’re beautiful

7 Feb

Title: Minami Shineyo

  • Also known as: He’s Beautiful / You’re Handsome
  • Genre: Romance, comedy
  • Episodes: 16
  • Broadcast Network: SBS
  • Broadcast period: 2009-Oct-07 to 2009-Nov-26
  • Synopsis

    The management company of the idol group A.N.JELL insisted on adding a new singer to the group as the lead vocal, Tae Kyung’s voice was hurting. However,the new member, Mi Nam, had to go to the States to repair a botched eye job just before signing the contract. His agent came up with the idea of having his twin sister, Mi Nyu,to stand in for him and pretend that she was her brother. The two of them grew up in an orphanage and Mi Nyu, who was all set to become a nun, agreed to this charade as she didn’t want to spoil her brother’s chance of fame which would make it easier to look for their mother.


    • Jang Geun Suk as Hwang Tae Kyung
      • Kang Soo Han as young Tae Kyung
    • Park Shin Hye as Go Mi Nam (Male) / Go Mi Nyu (Female)
    • Lee Hong Ki as Kang On Yu / Jeremy
    • Jung Yong Hwa as Kang Shin Woo
    Extended cast
    • UEE as Yoo He Yi
    • Bae Geu Rin as Sa Yu Ri (Fan club president)
    • Kim In Kwon as Ma Hoon Yi (Mi Nam’s manager)
    • Jang Won Young as Mr Kim (photographer, Nara Daily News)
    • Choi Ran as Choi Mi Ja (Mi Nam & Mi Nyu’s aunt)
    • Kim Sung Ryung as Mo Hwa Ran
    • Jung Chan as President Ahn
    • Choi Soo Eun as Wang Kko Di
    • Tae Hwang as staff
    • Kim Ho Chang as dancer
    • Lee Joo Yeon as Before School member (cameo)
    • Yoo Seung Ho (cameo, ep9)

    Production Credits

    • Director: Hong Sung Chang
    • Screenwriter: Hong Jung Eun, hong mi ran


    ( vacation ) Facts about Dokdo island

    7 Feb


    Dokdo is the easternmost territory of Korea and situated 87.4km to the southeast of Ulleungdo Island and 216.8km to the east of Jukbeon of the East Coast.

    As it is 157.5km to the northwest of Oki Island of Shimane Prefecture of Japan, Japan cannot see Dokdo from Oki Island when we can see Dokdo from Ulleungdo Island on a clear day.

    Dokdo has been created by volcanic activities.

    It is not one island, but consists of two large islands Dongdo and Seodo and 89 small islands around them.

    Dokdo’s coordinates are 131˚52’10.4″ East Longitude and 37˚14’26.8″ North Latitude for Dongdo and 131˚5’54.6″ East Longitude and 37˚14’30.6″ North Latitude for Seodo

    Ulleungdo seen from DokdoDokdo seen from Ulleungdo


    Dokdo is 187,554㎡ (Dongdo: 73,297㎡; Seodo: 88,740㎡; Other Islands: 25,517㎡) and is a government-owned land (owned by the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries).
    The strait between Dongdo and Seodo is 151m in width, 330m in length, and about 10m in depth.


    Dongdo, the southeastern part of Dokdo, has most of the maritime facilities, including Manned Light House.
    Dongdo is 98.6m in height, 2.8km in ircumference, and 73,297㎡ in area. The longer side extends about 450m to northeast at a 60° grade and the center is a vertical hole that is depressed down to the surface of water.



    Seodo, the northwestern part, is 168.5m in height, 2.6km in circumference, and 88,740㎡ in area.
    The longer side extends about 450m longitudinally and the shorter side is about 300m latitudinally.
    Seodo’s peak is a steep cone. Seodo’s major facility is Fisherman’s Lodge.



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